Graphium sandawanum (Yamamoto, 1977)

Mt Apo, Mindanao, Philippines, 2000 meters; 7/10/92 Mt Katanglad, N Mindanao ssp joreli

   A recently discovered species (1977) that seems to be limited to the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. May be threatened with habitat destruction. Locally abundant where found. Currently many populations occur within the confines of a national park (on Mt Apo ), offering some degree of protection, but surrounding colonies do not have such protection. The subspecies from N Mindanao does not seem different to the nominate race to me to warrant separation. The specimen on the right is faded somewhat