Graphium liponesco (Suffert, 1904)

Aukasa, Ghana; Coll.: Larsen Photo donated

    Found in Western tropical Africa from Sierra Leone to Cameroon and Gabon. A ssp. occurs on Bioko. Not rare - found at times puddling in large numbers at moist spots. It often treated as a ssp of G policenes, from which it "differs slightly in color and wing shape." Liponesco is probably synonymous with G nigrescens / policenoides, and all probably represent subspecies of the widespread G policenes.